Resource Web Links
The following websites and resources are provided for information purposes only. Inclusion in this list does not indicate endorsement by PSHA
Society Of America
Council for Exceptional
for Learning Disabilities (CLD)
Childhood Technical Assistance Center
Assistive Technology Lending Library
Assitive Technology Foundation
Special Education Guide
And Alternative Communication Lab
National Center for
Learning Disabilities (NCLD)
National Center for
Voice and Speech (NCVS)
International Foundation, Inc. (SEIF)
Resource Center for Disability Advocates
Bell Association For The Deaf
Society for Deaf Children
For The Deaf
on Deafness (NCOD)
Current ASHA Resources and Activities Related to EI in SLP:
Practice for Easy Talking - lists of suggestions
for parents to reduce speaking
rate of children
Communication Within Your Family/Your Child's Environment
Info On Therapy for Parents
and Your Child: Help for Parents - video from the SFA: things
parents can do to help their child
Prevention: A Manual for Parents - Manual for Parents
You Think Your Child Is Stuttering - Discusses the difference
between stuttering and normal language development
Factors - Discusses risk factors for persistence in stuttering
for Parents of Young Children Who Stutter - Overview of definition,
cause, therapy, parent suggestions, things to watch for, ISAD
paper by Greg Coleman
Stuttering and your Child: Help for Parents - Provides video
example of children stuttering, Parents share their experiences,
Experts discuss general stuttering info
Ways to Help the Child Who Stutters - focuses on parent/child/family
Tips for Talking with Your Child
Suggestions to Caregivers of Children Who Stutter by Gerry
Johnson, Discusses the nature of stuttering, differential diagnosis,
parents feelings about stuttering and treatment
I am looking for documentation (or a chart of some type) that PSHA follows which lists the articulation norms of children by letter sound and age. I've found documentation on the ASHA.org website (members.tripod.com/Caroline_Bowen/acquisition.html) and other states such as Maryland (www.wayland.k12.ma.us/speech/dev_artic_norms.html), but can't locate anything on PSHA's website. Any information you can send me would be extremely appreciated. I have a son who is 8.5 years old and is still having trouble with /s/, /z/ and multiple /r/ sounds, but my school district continues to tell me that he will just outgrow it.
Thank you for your request for information from PSHA. I hope I can provide you with some answers and directions.
PSHA does not post developmental norms on their website. As an affiliate of ASHA, I would direct you to their website for norms. There are a variety of ways to approach sound development. We defer to ASHA for evidence based practice information.
The second part of your question concerns eligibility for speech services within your school district. As a parent, you have the right to request a full speech and language evaluation from your school district. There are specific timelines the school must follow once you make that request in writing. If the school determines your child is not eligible for services, you have the right to request mediation. In Pennsylvania, there is a two prong decision process to determine if your child qualifies for special education (speech therapy services).
First, your child must have a disability according to the definitions outlined in IDEA. Speech problems are considered an eligible disability. Secondly, does this disability (his articulation errors) interfere with his education. If your child’s intelligibility does not interfere with his educational process, and he can meet PA academic standards for his grade level, then he is not eligible for services according to IDEA. The speech problem must have an educational impact.
You can also seek an outside opinion from a licensed speech language pathologist who is not affiliated with your school district. This information could be presented as part of the IEP process.
I am starting with your organization to try to begin learning how Allstate here in Limerick, PA can cater to the hearing impaired.
Our new owner has a hearing impaired family member, and he has asked me to take on this mission, and I am not sure where to begin.
He keeps saying he would like to hire a person who knows how to sign and communicate with other hearing impaired clientele.
Any input would be greatly appreciated!
If your employer wants to hire an agent with American Sign Language (ASL) skills, (s)he would have to put that qualification into a job description and hope that a person applies for the job. However, hiring someone to help a very small number of people may not be feasible for your company. Therefore, one option would be for your employer to keep the agents (s)he currently has, and when the need arises for an agent to help a person who communicates using ASL, then an interpreter could be employed (contracted with) through an agency that deals with such things. For instance, in most areas, there is some referral agency that will get interpreters. For example, if one wanted an interpreter here in Indiana, PA, one would usually go through Westmoreland Deaf and Hearing Services in Greensburg. I am sure you would have access to such an agency in your area. Or, you could try through the Pennsylvania Office for the Deaf and Hard=of=hearing http://www.odhh.state.pa.us/Search/InterpreterSearch.aspx
If your employer did not have in mind persons who use ASL to communicate, and instead was thinking more about persons who have enough hearing loss that they require hearing aids or assistive listening devices to communicate, then I would recommend contacting a local audiologist who works with assistive devices to help you acquire the devices that would be of most assistance (for example, infrared systems for personal FM assistance, etc).
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